28 de outubro de 2011

Brentano and the Neo-Brentanian Theories of Consciousness



Brentano and the Neo-Brentanian Theories of Consciousness

25 de outubro de 2011

Conference Program

Para consultar o programa, clique AQUI.

4 Lectures on Assertion

Manuel Garcia-Carpíntero
University of Barcelona, LOGOS Group

4 Lectures on Assertion

28 October, 18,and 25 November, 2 December 2011

Sala Mattos Romão,
Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Letters, University of Lisbon

The course will explore the nature of assertion from the perspective
of different contemporary debates about that central speech act. In
the first session we will distinguish descriptive and normative
accounts, and we will examine the debate around Williamson's proposal
that assertion is defined by a constitutive norm requiring knowledge
of the asserted proposition by its performers. In the second session
we will explore the possibility of providing a normative account,
along Williamson's lines, of the act of presupposing, thereby
accounting for facts such as the accommodation of presuppositions and
informative presuppositions, and we will explore the consequences for
the appraisal of Williamson's account of assertion. In the third we
will investigate what it is for a speech act to be conventional, and
whether accounts of speech acts in terms of constitutive norms are
compatible with their being conventional. In the final session we will
explore the relation between assertion and truth, by discussing on the
one hand deflationary theories of truth, and on the other recent
proposals for the relativization of truth.

Free Attendance

For further information please contact:
Professor João Branquinho

Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa
LanCog Group (Language, Mind and Cognition Research Group)
Instituto Filosófico de Pedro Hispano, Departamento de Filosofia da UL

19 de outubro de 2011

Os Animais têm Direitos?

"Será que alguns animais têm direitos morais? No pensamento ocidental, de Aristóteles a Kant, prevaleceu uma resposta negativa a esta questão. Alguns filósofos permanecem fiéis à perspectiva tradicional, mas têm agora de resistir aos argumentos dos que pensam que a discriminação baseada na espécie é um preconceito indefensável e nocivo. Nas últimas décadas o tema do estatuto moral dos animais passou a ocupar um lugar central na ética aplicada. Lendo os textos reunidos neste volume, não será difícil perceber porquê. O livro inclui ensaios de Peter Singer e Tom Regan, que lideraram a defesa filosófica dos direitos dos animais, bem como de alguns dos seus críticos mais contundentes. O uso dos animais na ciência e o modo como os criamos para nos alimentarmos, a relevância ética do darwinismo, o conflito entre os interesses dos animais e a protecção do ambiente são alguns dos temas aqui discutidos."

Lisboa: Dinalivro

18 de outubro de 2011

Contextualism, Relativism and Practical Conflicts and Disagreements

Communication in Context -- Shared Understanding in a Complex World, (CCCOM), http://www.cccom.ut.ee/, is a new collaborative research project under the Eurocores programme of the European Science Foundation. One of the individual projects of CCCOM is based in Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa, with the LanCog group:

Contextualism, Relativism and Practical Conflicts and Disagreements
Reference: EuroUnders/0001/2010
Starting Date: July 2011
Duration of Project: 3 years
PI: Teresa Marques

In the social sciences, cultural multiplicity has been taken as evidence for cultural relativism: the thesis that customs, aesthetic trends and values, and morality are relative to given cultural systems, systems that vary along time and from place to place, and in some cases, between social groups and even individuals. The plausibility of relativism acquires further support from the realization that it is implausible that there are objective truths about what is right or wrong, good or bad, either in morality, aesthetics or matters of taste, that are independent of there being humans who make judgements in such domains.
The coherence of relativism has been disputed by philosophers (starting with Plato), but even if relativism does not succumb to such attacks, some questions require an answer, namely:

(I)            How do we explain the apparent existence of, for instance, moral progress?

(II)          How are the notions of agreement and disagreement in these domains to be explained?

Recent proposals generalize semantic frameworks with centred propositions (propositions true not just at a world, but also at a centre: a time, or place, individual) to explain the perspectival nature of some areas of discourse. This project aims to offer an adequate account of the crucial notions of doxastic and practical disagreement in those problematic areas. A secondary aim is to apply the notion of practical disagreement, to be developed while the project runs, to some issues in the philosophy of law, focusing on sex- and gender based conflicts and discrimination, and developing an account of the notion of the grounds or basis of discrimination.
The launch meeting of the EuroUnderstanding CRP projects took place from 14 to 16 October 2011,  http://www.esf.org/activities/eurocores/running-programmes/eurounderstanding/events/launch-meeting.html

6 de outubro de 2011

Conferência de Christian Viktor Hamm

Christian Viktor Hamm

Tem lugar amanhã, dia 7 de Outubro de 2011 pelas 14h30m na Sala Mattos Romão uma conferência proferida pelo Prof. Doutor Christian Viktor Hamm, da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (RS-Brasil), subordinada ao tema: O Lugar Sistemático do Sumo Bem em Kant. A conferência será proferida em português.

Trata-se da V Sessão do Seminário Permanente do Sub-Grupo de Ética Filosofia Política e do Ambiente do Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa.

1 de outubro de 2011

On the notion of object. A logical genealogy


2011-12: Session 2

On the notion of object. A logical genealogy.
Fernando Ferreira
(Universidade de Lisboa)

14 de Outubro de 2011, 16:00

Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa
Sala Mattos Romão (departamento de Filosofia)

Abstract: We argue that logic is not a uniform terrain where all truths lie on a par. We analyze the apparatus of first-order classical logic with identity into two main ingredients: a deeper and wider component and, on top of it, a narrower component which consists of principles that articulate our modern notion of object.

Sponsored by: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Faculdade de Letras
da Universidade de Lisboa